Career Library

Biologists and related scientists

National Occupation Code (NOC): 2121

Biologists and related scientists conduct basic and applied research to extend knowledge of living organisms, to manage natural resources, and to develop new practices and products related to medicine and agriculture. They are employed in both laboratory and field settings by governments, environmental consulting companies, resource and utilities companies, chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnical companies and health and educational institutions.

Job Duties for Biologists and related scientists

Biologists plan and conduct studies of the environment, and of the population, distribution, structure, and functional characteristics and behaviour of plants and animals. Biologists conduct ecological and environmental impact studies and prepare reports. They study, identify, and classify plant and animal specimens and conduct experiments in plant or animal growth, heredity, and breeding. Biologists may also prepare reports and plans for management for renewable resources. Microbiologists and cell and molecular Biologists conduct research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology, and genetics of micro-organisms. Microbiologists and cell and molecular Biologists conduct research into the identification, effects and control of human, plant, and animal pathogens and toxins and conduct clinical or laboratory studies to test, evaluate, and screen drugs, pharmaceuticals, and nanoparticles used in biomedical applications. They conduct molecular or biochemical studies and experiments in genetic expression, gene manipulation, and recombinant DNA technology. Microbiologists and Cell and Molecular Biologists also conduct research in biotechnology to discover, develop, and refine, and evaluate new products.

Working Conditions for Biologists and related scientists

Work in this occupation is typically performed in a structured environment, such as an office, hospital or school, or an outdoor work environment where the worker is exposed to various weather conditions. Also, the worker may be exposed to infectious bacteria and viruses that may cause illness. This could arise while investigating outbreaks of food and environment related diseases and poisonings, or while conducting microbiological tests and laboratory analyses. Safety precautions and procedures in place minimize risks.

Alternate Job Titles

  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Agrogeologist
  • Algologist
  • Anatomist
  • Animal Ecologist
  • Animal Geneticist
  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Animal Taxonomist
  • Apiculture Entomologist
  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Astrobiologist
  • Bacteriologist
  • Bacteriologist - Animal Health
  • Bioinformatician
  • Biological Scientist
  • Biologist
  • Biology Systematist
  • Biology Taxonomist
  • Biomedical Nanotechnology Research Scientist
  • Botanist
  • Bryologist
  • Cell Biologist
  • Cellular Physiologist
  • Crop Scientist
  • Crop-research Scientist
  • Cytochemist
  • Cytogeneticist
  • Cytologist
  • Cytologist-microbiologist
  • Dairy Bacteriologist
  • Dairy Scientist
  • Descriptive Toxicologist
  • Developmental Biologist
  • Developmental Geneticist
  • Domestic Animal Scientist
  • Ecobiologist
  • Ecologist
  • Economic Botanist
  • Embryologist
  • Entomologist
  • Environmental And Occupational Toxicologist
  • Environmental Biologist
  • Environmental Toxicologist
  • Enzymologist
  • Enzymology Biologist
  • Etiologist
  • Extraction Specialist - Cannabis
  • Fishery Bacteriologist
  • Fishery Products Bacteriologist
  • Food Bacteriologist
  • Food Products Bacteriologist
  • Food Products Scientist
  • Food Research Scientist
  • Food Scientist
  • Forest Ecologist
  • Forest Pathologist
  • Geneticist
  • Helminthologist
  • Herpetologist
  • Histologist
  • Histopathologist
  • Human Physiologist
  • Hydrobiologist
  • Ichthyologist
  • Immunologist
  • Industrial Bacteriologist
  • Insect Physiologist
  • Interpretative Naturalist
  • Invertebrate Zoologist
  • Laboratory Immunologist
  • Limnologist
  • Malariologist
  • Mammalogist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Marine Hydrobiologist
  • Marine Mammal Trainer
  • Mechanistic Toxicologist
  • Medical Parasitology Biologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Molecular Geneticist
  • Molecular Physiologist
  • Mycologist
  • Naturalist
  • Nematologist
  • Ornithologist
  • Osteologist
  • Parasitologist
  • Parasitology Biologist
  • Park Naturalist
  • Pharmaceutical Bacteriologist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Physiological Biophysicist
  • Physiologist
  • Physiologist-biochemist - Nuclear Medicine
  • Phytobiologist
  • Phytopathologist
  • Plant Anatomist
  • Plant Breeder
  • Plant Ecologist
  • Plant Nematologist
  • Plant Pathologist
  • Plant Physiologist
  • Plant Population Biologist
  • Plant Scientist
  • Plant Taxonomist
  • Population Geneticist
  • Poultry Scientist
  • Protozoologist
  • Protozoology Biologist
  • Public Health Bacteriologist
  • Regulatory Toxicologist
  • Research Biologist
  • Rural Ecologist
  • Serologist
  • Soil Bacteriologist
  • Staff Toxicologist
  • Systems Biologist
  • Toxicologist
  • Veterinary Parasitology Biologist
  • Virologist
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Wildlife Helminthologist
  • Wildlife Naturalist
  • Zoologist
  • Anatomist
  • Bacteriologist
  • Bioinformatician
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Cell Biologist
  • Ecologist
  • Embryologist
  • Geneticist
  • Histologist
  • Immunologist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Mycologist
  • Parasitologist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Physiologist
  • Protozoologist
  • Toxicologist
  • Virologist
  • Zoologist
  • Food Safety Coordinator

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